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Malika Handa: A Champion in Plight

by Satanick Mukhuty - 04/01/2022

A new year isn't always the harbinger of hope and goodwill as our society makes it out to be. Ask Malika Handa, the seven-time national deaf Chess Champion of India. For her 2022 has begun in much the same way how 2021 ended: in dejection and fresh disappointments. The Government of her state, Punjab, Malika alleges, has gone back on its word to provide her with a cash prize and a job. In her tweet yesterday, which has since then gone viral, she even mentions being "fooled" by Punjab's incumbent dispensation. In this article, we familiarize you with Malika's achievements as a differently-abled chess player and the demands from the system she is fighting for right now.

Who is Malika Handa?

Mallika was born in what is one of India's most underrepresented states in chess - Jalandhar, Punjab, to Suresh and Renu Handa. She was not born deaf but lost her hearing and speech when she was one year old due to an adverse reaction to some medication. Now, she lives with a 90 percent hearing disability. Chess was introduced in her life in 2010 when she was 15 and in standard ten in school. Her father came home from work with a chessboard one day and they began to spar regularly thereafter, with her mother and brother, too, frequently joining in.

Malika with her family. Father, Suresh; Mother, Renu; Brother, Atul | Photo: Malika Handa Facebook

Malika's aptitude for the game became apparent when she started outplaying her peers. Soon she was learning the ropes from the seniors in the game and immersing herself in the study of deeper tactics and strategy. Her mother says that even though she couldn't hear, she wanted to compete in everything like a normal child and had a firm resolve to one day make the entire nation proud of her. Unsurprisingly, the results soon started to flow in. She won her first National Chess Championship of the deaf in 2012, only two years after learning the game, and as of today has clinched this event a record seven times, the most recent one being in 2020.


Her forays in the International Circuit too went eventfully. The very first success came in 2015 with a Silver at the Asian Open Deaf Blitz Chess Championship followed by a gold at the Asian Individual Chess Championship for Deaf the same year. But what catapulted her to fame was winning the prestigious ICCD World Open Individual Deaf Chess in 2016. She followed this up with two silvers at the Asian Chess Championship for Disabled in 2017 and the World Deaf Blitz Chess Championship in 2018, making her mark strongly even in the disabled category. (Source: Wikipedia)

Malika with the AICF Secretary Bharat Singh Chauhan and the star chess players of India in the specially abled category: Shashikant Kutwal and Jenitha Anto | Photo: Malika Handa Facebook

Winners of ICCD World Deaf Blitz Chess Championship 2018! Silver: Malika Handa, Gold: Turkeeva Yulia, 3rd: Lagutina Olga | Photo:

Malika with her friends and teammates of ICCD at the Batumi Chess Olympiad 2018 in Georgia | Photo: Malika Handa Facebook

Malika with the president of the International Chess Community of the Deaf, Phillip Gardner | Photo: Malika Handa Facebook

With India's top female player, Grandmaster Koneru Humpy | Photo: Malika Handa Facebook

And finally, a nod of approval from Vishy Anand, the legend himself!

She might be unable to hear her rooters cheer for her, but she can definitely feel their love and pride! Malika and her parents felicitated at the Jalandhar Railway Station after her return from World Deaf Blitz Chess Championship in 2018 | Photo: Malika Handa Facebook

Malika receiving Award of Honour from the then sports minister Shri Rana Gurmeet Singh Sodhi and Deputy commissioner of Jalandhar, Shri Varinder K Sharma

With the President of India Ram Nath Kovind | Photo: Malika Handa Facebook

International medals

Silver - ICCD World Deaf Blitz Chess Championship (2018)
Silver - Asian Chess Championship for Disabled (2017)
Gold - ICCD World Open Individual Deaf Chess Championship (2016)
Silver - ICCD 4th World Individual Blitz Deaf Championship (Ladies) (2016)
Gold - ICCD 3rd Asian Individual Chess Championship for Deaf (2015)
Silver - ICCD 1st Asian Open Deaf Chess Blitz Championship (2015)

National medals

Gold - 22nd National Chess Championship of the Deaf (2020)
Gold - 21st National Chess Championship of the Deaf (2018)
Gold - 20th National Chess Championship of the Deaf (2017)
Gold - 19th National Chess Championship of the Deaf (2017)
Gold - 18th National Chess Championship of the Deaf (2016)
Gold - 17th National Chess Championship of the Deaf (2013)
Gold - National Chess Championship of the Deaf (2012)


Through all these stellar achievements, Malika has also balanced her academics fairly well alongside chess, and currently, she is a graduate of arts from a mainstream college in Jalandhar. Her only grievance from the very beginning though has been the dire lack of support from the Government. Renu Handa, her mother, says that the family has drained their bank balances to fund their daughter's ambitions in the royal game, and despite representing Punjab nine times in the National Championships has not received any support from the state authorities. 

The Controversy and her Grievances

The State Government has been shying away from providing her assistance on the pretext that there is no provision for deaf athletes in their legislature yet. However, Malika argues that the situation isn't the same in the neighboring Haryana and Rajasthan, where the specially-abled sportspersons get their due acknowledgment from the ruling authorities. She has vented her anger about the same in several of her tweets and holds the Congress party responsible for wasting five years of her life.

She maintains that the current Minister of Sports, Pargat Singh, had promised to consider her case on special grounds and make provisions for a job and cash award, but has now gone back on his words. She had also had discussions about the same with other prominent leaders including Harsimrat Kaur Badal and the Chief Minister Charanjit Singh Channi himself, but all this, she laments, has been to no avail.

Malika with Punjab's incumbent Chief Minister, Charanjit Singh Channi | Photo: Malika Handa

And with Pargat Singh, the current sports minister of the state, who allegedly had promised Malika cash award and a job during their meeting | photo: Malika Handa Facebook

Shiromani Akali Dal leader and former minister of State for Food Processing Industries of India, Harsimrat Kaur Badal, has come out in her support. Earlier today she tweeted her solidarity for the chess champion, terming the ruling dispensation's failure to meet its promises as "insensitive" and "heartbreaking."

Harsimrat with Malika at the latter's home | Photo: Malika Handa Facebook 

...Her tweet from earlier in the day.